There are some diseases, which can be transmitted from rats to humans. But this is also true in the other direction: We can infect our rat roommate also. This type of disease, which can be transmitted between humans and vertebrates, called zoonoses. Which diseases are the, You can find out in the article:
Rats do not need washed usually still be bathed, as they clean themselves thoroughly. In a healthy, fit rat harm an imposed Bad more than good. However, there are some exceptions, to which I would like to point here:
- a medical treatment (, e.g. due to. fungal infections or in the treatment of wounds) makes a bath needed
- an animal can be for any reason not clean itself (, e.g. due to. at a hind paralysis)
- a male produces too much Böckchenfett and thereby get skin problems
However, there are some rats, the voluntary baden. Especially on hot days you can gain his nose cool, in which one large, not too deep bowl (, e.g. due to. a baking dish) fills with water and e.g.. does frozen peas or corn to. The rats fish for the treats and cool off while.
With "Lugs fat" or English "Buck Grease" referred to the sebum (Sebum) in male rats. This often is deposited as orange layer on the skin. When male rats mark by rubbing an area, characterized distribute the sebum, which also contains odors. Lugs fat is completely usually harmless.
Of course, there is no one, the officially prohibits you to take out your rat after. You should ask you but, whether it is good for your rat and you're doing so you a favor. rats are neophobe Rats, that is, once they have fear of new. Even though they are not as shy as their wild relatives, solve new, foreign environments at them Sreßreaktion out. Rats do not always respond to fear with escape or attack, but often with the so-called "Freeze", one Todstellreflex or try to hide. This is often misinterpreted quiet on the shoulder seats or as a cute cuddle up in jacket, Hood or backpack. Of course, there are also rats, the really cool socks. But even they can scare suddenly and flight reflex Following jump away. capture a fleeing rat scared out there is a very special challenge. Although special harnesses and leashes are available for rats commercially: I think, I have often heard it, that rats have free therefrom within seconds, when I heard, that you could keep them in. Rats are also very photosensitive, why a walk in the sun for it can be uncomfortable in the long run. Another point, directed against the "Going for a walk with rat" speaks, is that numerous pathogens are out there. In Germany live coverage quasi wild rats (it is called 1-2 Rats per inhabitant), have their urine and feces, especially with it possibly. distribute existing germs everywhere. And finally a walk always means with a rat, that they are taken from their familiar Rudel. The separation from the pack rat always means a heightened state of alert, and often triggers a stress reaction out. For the reason rats should not rather be taken out.
Rats are naturally pack animals. While in dogs, the yes are also pack animals, man can replace a member of the pack after a long coevolution, is not possible in rats. Individual attitude gives rise to severe stress out with them, even if one does not look at the animals without further. They suffer, that they security, the a pack offers, is withheld. Even with a pair of attitude the stress level can still be very high. Therefore, one should keep pet rats in packs from a size of three members. There is more information in the article "Why rats in the herd should be kept".
If your rat has red scabs on the eye, is it likely to porphyrinhaltiges secretions from Harder's gland. There are many factors, the overproduction of porphyrins, a so-called Chromodacryorrhoe, can trigger. Watch your pet well. Should frequently crusts, you should check whether they in a veterinarian, if an infection is present. More about you can find in the article "Help, My Rat bleeding on the eye".
We have put on our side some very detailed information on the subject together. It's best to read out only once the corresponding article "Help, My Rat's pregnant / pregnant / got babies" by. If the rat have been just recouped unintentionally, may possibly still Abortion Allizin eligible. If you need assistance, get it contact with us - we will try, as well as possible further to help you!
Animals in pet stores usually come from commercial farms, where animals efficiently in large masses on possible (= cost) wise "produced" become. The selection of the parents is often done by accident, in part, the animals are raised simply in colonies, d.h. a male sitting together with several females, that covers it again and again. A selection of the animals towards a tame, people facing temperament can only be very limited under these conditions. For this reason, it is when you buy in pet stores more a matter of luck, whether obtained or an animal with tame plants not. In contrast, a good breeder selects his animals accordingly and selected towards tameness, which definitely has a hereditary component (more in "Breeding goal lameness in rats". Come in addition, that the animals in the large commercial farms have relatively little contact with humans and are not used, closely to live and together with it to have contact with him. In a small breeding the breeder is Animals, the hire. have a slightly wilder or more anxious disposition, used by appropriate handling to people. In commercial pet production that is not possible.
Otherwise if z.B. Chinchillas, who need a sand bath for grooming, need no rats sand bath. The fine sand may even be harmful, because it can cause severe respiratory infections, if it is inhaled.
Otherwise if z.B. Guinea pigs or rabbits can digest the grass in the hay is not good rat. Therefore hay is totally unsuitable as a food source. As Nistbaumaterial it is also only conditionally. Hay is often dusty and improperly manufactured or improperly stored hay may be heavily contaminated with molds and their spores, which can damage the respiratory tract. In addition, binds hay ammonia in the faeces of rats in comparison to other types of litter very poorly. If hay is given, then it should be hot air dried, be dusted and herb-rich hay. Instead of hay can be better a mix of dried herbs such as e.g.. dandelion, Spitzwegerich, peppermint, Nettle or parsley stalks (not in pregnant rats) give. To Nibble e.g own is beyond. Wood of fruit trees or licorice.
If a rat leaves the pack - whether through death or because it was issued - that means once great excitement, was especially if that rat maybe even leader of the pack / in. Now the others have to clarify the hierarchy once. It should be noted, that the ranking is not always easy linearly, so how to get the most presents (so rat 1, rat 2 including, etc.). Often prevail among the pack members complex task distributions and friendships. It is perfectly normal, that your nose jockeying now. As long as it served without causing serious injury, I would not worry me. If everything's falling apart, You can pack them temporarily in a Transportboxinti, and if so, no new rat was integrated. Informations here in the lower part: http://www.farbratten-zucht.de/integration-neuer-ratten-in-bestehendes-rudel/
Unfortunately, there are no clear criteria, you could check off, and where one could recognize, if someone "serious" or not. but some important clues are the following:
- Questions are answered gladly and competently
- This gives at least over photos insight into the attitude and the animal population
- The attitude meets the requirements, one would also provide a lovers
- The / * breeders in can provide information about parents and if necessary. enter ancestors
- It should be a breeding goal available
You should still make more precise on these clues and what, learn your under How do you recognize a reputable breeder rats?
Although zinc must be present as a trace element in the diet and it can otherwise lead to a dangerous lack of zinc, is an excess of zinc harmful. The sources of zinc can be diverse: Industrieemissionen, Mixing errors in milk replacer, Feed or mineral feed, accidental admixture of zinc oxide (instead of magnesium oxide) to concentrate, footbaths; Galvanized metal parts (screw, mother, Buttons, coins, Food containers, etc.); batteries, Zinksalben, Zinkpuder, zinc Shampoos, zinc colors (For example, zinc chromate, Zinc oxide or zinc carbonate, the latter is also known as calamine or calamine). Zineb, Ziram, and other organic zinc compounds are used as fungicides for use.
be the lethal doses CliniPharm/CliniTox according to:
Acute oral LD50 (in mg / kg body weight):
In acute poisoning the first symptoms appear after hours to days, in chronic poisoning, it can take weeks, until the first symptoms appear. The severity of symptoms is highly dependent on the type and amount of absorbed zinc. The symptoms are limited to first on the gastrointestinal tract. With a time delay, adjusts the intravascular hemolysis. Finally, there is CNS disorders.
A toxic dose limit for zinc is not known exactly. Even swallowing 1-2 coins (For example, American Pennies: 96% Zink) can be fatal in dogs. The zinc toxicity depends on the acid production in the stomach.
With respect to the amount of zinc, which can be absorbed by nibbling of a chain or lattice, There are no reliable sources. Similarly, there is no indication, What is the risk of zinc poisoning by ingestion of zinc in rats gnawing by.
For safety's sake but I would do without a galvanized rat and access to another.
I consider it to say frivolous, his animals would surely receive no tumors, since it is impossible, exclude with certainty. There are actually laboratory lines of rats, one compared to other lines have a lower probability, to develop certain tumors (Szpirer C (2010), Cancer research in rat models. Methods Mol Biol. 2010;597:445-58.) Here, however, is pure laboratory lines, developed with immense effort and with very large livestock. In addition, animals from such lines can be developed tumors - they just do it less likely. Guaranteed tumors free stocks do not exist and if there were they, would be a major breakthrough in cancer research, that idea could certainly much learning, with regard to the prevention of cancer in humans. It is assumed, that cancer is one in rats to the normal aging. In many types of cancer also is not yet clear, how far a hereditary component plays a role or. looks like one such component. For some cancers such as the endocrine neoplasia you know, that they are actually inherited monogenic, are thus influenced by a single gene. In many other cancers such as breast cancer going from polygenic influences, d.h. multiple genes play a role (Szpirer C (2010), Cancer research in rat models. Methods Mol Biol. 2010;597:445-58.). While a monogenic tumor deposition could still be relatively easily influenced by selection, this is extremely difficult in cases polygenic. For a lover breeders, works with relatively little rats stocks and do not have the technical capabilities and resources of a laboratory has, it is in my opinion impossible, to achieve this. What should a breeder, that it can perform a pathology in relatively young diseased animals a biopsy or death, and by competent (, e.g. due to. Hannover veterinary school) can give an assessment on the possible inheritance of this type of tumor.
With "normal" Small animal bedding, the commercial softwood shavings are probably meant. This is problematic for two reasons. For one such Weichholzeintreu species are often not adequately dusted. The dust contained may irritate sensitive airways of rats and lead to inflammation. On the other softwood contains phenols, suspected, to damage the liver. In the US this is largely discussed and say many votes, that heat-treated softwood secretes any harmful substances more, but the American Fancy Rat and Mouse Association strongly advises against the use of softwood litter from. I myself have long Plospan XXL Excellent used, a heat-treated and heavily dusted bedding for horses, am now but even switched to alternatives, I just want to take any chances.
As an alternative, I recommend, for example, flax litter, a fine, dust-free litter, the very good ammonia binds. Here, too, you will find the best opportunities in the country trade (also online). As nesting materials I use Kaytee fresh and cozy.
First of all you should still get at least a third rat to, because the attitude alone or in pairs can in rats lead to an increased stress level. from at least 3 Animals Rudelhierachie one can form and the animals are less stressed.
The problem with the rat from the pet shop, that you never know, as their genetic plant for tameness and how they were raised. Tameness does have a hereditary component, but when you do not know Zooladentieren, whether the parents were selected by tamer disposition (see also the FAQ: Why are my rat from the pet shop not tame?). so it may be, that your a rat Bock easy "naturally" is not tame, and people will tend to be less well. Moreover probably, that the animals did not grow up with a lot of contact with humans, which would have compensated. so it may be, that this boy will never really tame, but people remain skeptical.
Come in addition, that some human-rat combinations just do not work. Sometimes a rat does not like a certain person. That's us quite a few times happened and we could never find out, what it really is. Some rats were nice to all kinds of people, but found a particular person obnoxious, without that person would have ever done something bad to them. Maybe it has something to do with the smell.
Whatever the reason for the behavior of your boys: You will need to invest some time and effort, to make him friendly. I would first try, to leave him something in peace and concern myself with the other boys - best as, that the unfreundlichere can watch and learn so, you're a very nice person. Then I would start slowly, to lure him with treats. not surprising, when it does not even interested. Rats are often skeptical of new and vorgehaltenem food, some of them take only treats, when the "Vorkoster" she tried. Or he tears the treats just out of hand and you ignored. Whatever he does: have patience with him. make sure, he takes you with positive experiences such as feed in connection and try, all negative associations such as noise, To avoid hectic movements or sudden access.
A survey in the UK revealed, that the average life expectancy of pet rats 21,6 was months, corresponding 1,8 years. 95% the rats were up to the age of 3 Years already died. In contrast, die 95% of wild rats within the first year of life1) Rat Behavior and Biology. How old is a rat in human years? Available at: http://www.ratbehavior.org/RatYears. Accessed November 12, 2011. 12. Romanova IV, Ramos .
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Rat Behavior and Biology. How old is a rat in human years? Available at: http://www.ratbehavior.org/RatYears. Accessed November 12, 2011. 12. Romanova IV, Ramos|
The question about the smell of the rats was asked many times. There are many factors, the influence of odors. First, the cage is as even. A cage made of plastic and metal parts can be cleaned relatively well. Made of wood can be even, if they are thoroughly coated, let more difficult to clean because of the rougher surface. Especially self-made of OSB panels have a very rough surface, where urine and secretions can accumulate. The second factor is the litter. To counteract the odors, the litter must suck not only good, but also bind ammonia well. The carpets or fleece blankets like used by many bind smells extremely bad. More suitable are dusted rye straw flour (there are chaff, the name "Flour" is misleading) or Leineinstreu. Softwood chips are well suited, However, they must be enstaubt and heat-treated primarily, because they can evaporate substances otherwise, the influence hepatic metabolism. Then the Käfigreiniung plays a role. Cleans to the cage too often, excites you the selection behavior of the animals more like. Depending on the stocking density is a cleaning cycle of about. a week optimally. Even the food has an influence on the smell. Feed with yucca share are well suited, to reduce the odor. The idea, once to visit a rat holder, sounds good in approach, However, I wonder, as you a "exemplary" Rats holders need to mount. I myself was in many rat owners at home and for some it has significantly stinky, no other - depending on, as the housing conditions were.
With us there is no committee. So far, no anatomical abnormalities have occurred in our animals, which would have been an attitude as a lover animal counter. Of course, we select our breeding stock for an optimal physique and close Animals, die z.B. have a narrower head, or are not strongly built, from breeding from. But these are not features, which would affect the animal somehow or that would make it unemployable. Rats, we do not want to use in breeding, be transferred to lover. If animals are not to be employable, may they stay with us. If only should an anomaly occur once, that would limit the quality of life of the animal (, e.g. due to. strong malocclusion, Skelettanomalien), we would be euthanize this animal by a veterinarian. So far, the fortunately was drawn in any of us animal of the case. Unwanted colorations also occur not with us. I'd colors, do not meet our breeding goal, not be regarded as undesirable. These animals give wonderful lover animals from or perhaps exactly, what another breeder looking.
I would not neutered male rat without reason. Spaying or neutering can run totally uncomplicated, but the complications, one takes at a castration in buying, can also be very difficult. Unlike a dog or a cat can be a rat is extremely difficult to flip a collar. The collar must be extremely tight set and if you're unlucky, accumulates the lymph. We had a case, in which a boy was swollen with a neck collar after an operation of the head by 1.5 times. After we removed the collar, the accumulated liquid has been distributed quickly, but if you intervene too late, can it end ugly. Moreover, rats with a neck collar as good as no longer able, independently to eat and have to be fed with a syringe. The coating of socks, as it is sometimes recommended for wounds, or the use of adhesive dressings is also not possible to castration scar. By licking at the wound, the castration wounds can self-ignite under Antibioktikagabe and attitude on incontinence pads. Come in addition, that the risk is high, that rats pulling the strings themselves - and even brackets get some clever animals drawn. In that case, the wound can not be easily sutured, but must be refreshed and then stitched again. We had a boy, which had to be reoperated twice. When the wound is also not wanted to close, we had to put him to sleep, unfortunately, because enough tissue was no longer available for another operation. For that reason, I would always advise, to avoid castration, if its possible somehow.
A cold is usually caused by human rhinoviruses (40% of cases), humane Coronaviren (10-25% of cases), Humane Parainfluenza-Viren, the humane Metapneumo virus or the Human respiratory syncytial virus. These viruses are not transferable to rats. You are limited only to humans. However, there are many other pathogens, can trigger a cold. However, may also additionally bacteria join to these viruses. Then it is called a secondary infection or a super infection. As long as the nasal discharge is clear or white, which usually means a virus. If the nasal discharge, however yellowish, often bacteria play a role. If Zoonose - d.h. as a seed, that is transmissible between humans and animals, gilt Streptococcus pneumoniae (Causative agent of pneumonia). There are of course other zoonoses, but the S. pneumoniae is actually the only, associated with a common cold, can also infect rats. With pneumonia (Result of S. pneumoniae Infektion) something other than a "common cold". Another germ, has been demonstrated in rats, is the Influenza A ((Cummings et al. (2019), Evidence of Influenza A in Wild Norway Rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Boston, Massachusetts, Front. Ecol. Evol., 14 March 2019 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00036), being but not cleared, if rats are only carrier hosts or whether they can also suffer from influenza A.